SNC-General Knowledge-Grade 2

GRADE – II

 

4.2   GRADE – II

LEARNING THEMES AND STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES

THEMES

STUDENTS' LEARNING OUTCOMES

ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Our Country: Pakistan

 

  • Map of Pakistan
  • Provinces of Pakistan
  • Significance of the National Flag

All the students will be able to:

 

  • recognize the map of Pakistan.

 

  • name the provinces and areas (AJK, GB and ICT) of Pakistan.

 

  • depict the cultural diversity of all provinces and areas of Pakistan.

 

  • recognize the significance of National flag.
  • Collect pictures depicting the cultural diversity of Pakistan
  • Make a collage
  • Organize a presentation on different cultures of Pakistan

 

 

 

 

 

Villages and Cities

 

  • Lives in the villages and cities
  • Key Characteristics of a Village and City
  • Comparison of Village and City Life
  • Common Professions and Occupations in the Village/ City
  • recognize that the people of Pakistan live in villages and cities.

 

  • identify   key characteristics of a village (buildings, facilities, environment and the work people do)
  • Visit any nearest village/ Urban area/ town/ city and describe its key characteristics.
  • identify key characteristics of a city

 

  • compare village and city life
  • indicate choice of place to live and give reasons
  • identify some common professions   and occupations of a village/ city (tailor, butcher, cobbler, musician etc.)

 

 

Role and Responsibilities

 

  • Role and Responsibilities of Government
  • Rights and Responsibilities of People/ Citizen.
  • define government
  • identify some goods and services that government provides for the people (health, education, clean water, infrastructure, utilities, safety and security, parks and playgrounds etc.)

Role Play: Dialogue between a government officer and a citizen regarding roles and responsibilities of government and other citizens.

 

 

 

 

 

4.2   GRADE – II

LEARNING THEMES AND STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES

THEMES

STUDENTS' LEARNING OUTCOMES

ACTIVITIES

 

  • list any three rights of the citizens (Right to food, free education, protection, equality and health care)

 

  • understand that everyone has a right to practice their own religion freely

 

  • identify their responsibilities with respect to each right (careful use of food, water and other resources, regularity and hard work towards education, taking care of surroundings and hygiene, treating everyone equally, and following rules and regulations)

 

 

 

Religious Festivals in Pakistan

 

  • Eid-ul-Fitr & Eid-ul-Azha
  • Other Cultural and Religious Festivals
  • understand why Muslims celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha

 

  • describe how people celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha
  • Arrange Eid-Milan Party at school

 

  • Charity campaigns may be organized to inculcate the concepts of sharing and sacrifice
  • identify other religious and cultural festivals of other faiths celebrated in Pakistan
  • Collect information about religious festivals of different faiths and share with the class

 

The Natural Environment and Resources

 

  • Living and non-Living Things
  • Some Natural Resources
  • Importance of Natural Resources
  • Natural material and human made objects

 

  • recognize that the natural environment comprises of living and non-living things

 

  • recognize that natural recources are essential for survival human being (land, water, air, sun etc.)

 

  • Divide the students into groups who will select one natural resource each (within the school) and ask them to discuss and share the ways to conserve that (Sustainable consumption of resources)
 

 

 

 

 

4.2   GRADE – II

LEARNING THEMES AND STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES

THEMES

STUDENTS' LEARNING OUTCOMES

ACTIVITIES

 

  • recognize the importance of natural resources.

 

  • differentiate between the natural and human made materials.

 

  • recognize that people manufacture different things from natural resources to serve human needs.
  • Take around of the school and list nautral and human made resources.

 

  • list the ways in which people use natural resources

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water

 

  • Importancec of Water

 

  • Sources of Water

 

  • Human management of Water
  • recognize that living things need water to stay alive.

 

  • identify simple uses of water in everyday life.

 

  • identify the natural sources of water around themself.
  • Integrate the following activities with ART period

 

  • Design a poster for careful use of water.

 

  • Draw main sources of water in their locality.
  • recognize the importance of water resources.
  • list the daily activities in which they use water.
  • narrate how water gets from a natural source to the taps in their home.
  • Flow charts, pictures, models and videos can be used.
  • recognize that clean water should be used for drinking and cooking purposes

 

  • understand that boiling, filtering etc. are methods of purifying water

 

  • recognize that some ares of Pakistan experience shortage of water.

Role play:

 

  • Design a role play to create awareness among the students regarding hazards of using unclean water

 

  • Get information about the areas in the country where people are facing shortage of water
 

 

 

 

 

4.2   GRADE – II

LEARNING THEMES AND STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES

THEMES

STUDENTS' LEARNING OUTCOMES

ACTIVITIES

 

Plants

 

  • Major Parts of a Plant and their functions
  • Plant and Seeds

 

  • Growth and Change in Plants

 

  • Uses of Plants
  • identify major parts of a plant. (root, stem, leaf and flower)

 

  • list the functions of root, stem, leaf and flower
  • Soak a few bean seeds in a jar, fill with mud and observe over a few weeks

 

  • Record/draw their findings. How did the seed change into a plant?
  • identify different shapes of leaves found around them
  • Collect different types of leaves and paste them on a chart with names

 

  • Trace the outlines of leaves on a chart and colour them

 

  • Cut out the coloured leaves and display in the classroom
  • identify the roots that are eaten by people

 

  • name a few plants around them which have flowers, and which do not have flowers

 

  • identify the fruits which have seeds in them

 

  • recognize that some plants grow from seeds while others grow from stems or roots
  • Bring some plants or their pictures which grow from seeds/ stem/ roots
  • identify that soil, light, air and water are needed to grow a plant
  • Take two pots with growing plants. Provide one with all the factors necessary to grow while keep other away from light, water etc.

 

  • Observe the plants over time and record their findings
  • highlight the importance of plants for climate change
  • Students to conduct a plantation activity in school and take care of the plants they have planted
 

 

 

 

 

4.2   GRADE – II

LEARNING THEMES AND STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES

THEMES

STUDENTS' LEARNING OUTCOMES

ACTIVITIES

 

Animals

 

  • Animals on Land and in Water

 

  • Growth and Change in Animals

 

  • Places for Animals

 

  • list the animals they see in their surroundings (land and water)

 

 

  • recognize the animals that live on land are different in features from those that live in water

 

  • recognize that all animals have young ones that grow into adults

 

  • Visit the zoo/ farm

/animals shed and observe what different animals look like? Share your findings with the class.

 

  • Alternatively cut out pictures of different animals and paste them on a chart to make a zoo.
  • recognize different animals and their young ones. For example, horse and foal, cat and kitten, dog and puppy, hen and chick, frogs and tadpoles, butterflies and caterpillars etc.)
  • Color the pictures of animals and their young ones.
  • identify that some young animals do not look like their parents (frogs and butterflies etc.)

Match pictures of young animals with their parents

  • list the animals that feed their young ones and look after them

 

  • name different places where animals live (nest, den, barrow etc.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.2   GRADE – II

LEARNING THEMES AND STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES

THEMES

STUDENTS' LEARNING OUTCOMES

ACTIVITIES

 

 

Agriculture and Live Stock.

  • Major Crops in Pakistan
  • Processing (Making Products)
  • Live stock

 

 

  • list the major crops in Pakistan.
  • recognize that people process the crops they grow for making products (cotton to thread to cloth to garments).
  • recognize the importance of livestock.

 

  • Collect the seeds of

major crops for identification. (wheat, maize, rice, cotton and pulses.)

  • Collect pictures and make a list of livestock.

 

 

 

 

 

Conservation of the Earth's Resources

  • Wastage of Water and Land
  • Problems caused by Wastage of Water and Land
  • Ways to Save Water and Land

 

  • identify the ways in which human beings waste water.

 

 

  • identify problems caused by wastage of water.
  • suggest ways to save water

 

Organize a speech contest/ poster making competition on conservation of resources

 

  • recognize the importance of forests for human beings

 

  • identify the ways in which the land is destroyed due to human activity (deforestation).
  • suggest ways to reduce deforestation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.2   GRADE – II

LEARNING THEMES AND STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES

THEMES

STUDENTS' LEARNING OUTCOMES

ACTIVITIES

Heat and Light

 

  • Common Sources (Natural and Human made)
  • Uses of Heat and Light
  • Methods of Producing Heat
  • Intensity of Heat and Light
  • identify sources of heat and light in their homes, schools and surroundings.

 

  • group sources of light and heat into natural and human made.
  • Observe & identify the light sources and list them.

 

  • Rub hands and observe how heat is produced.
  • describe methods of producing heat (burning and rubbing etc.)

 

  • list the uses of heat and light.

 

  • recognize that the intensity of heat and light is felt more as they come nearer to the source.

 

Helping Others

 

  • Sharing Things
  • Ways of Helping others
  • understand the importance of sharing things.

 

  • list the things they share with others (toys, books, stationery items, lunch with friends etc.)

 

  • identify from given pictures and stories the ways in which people help each other (at home, in classroom, in village/city, at the time of any need or disaster)
  • Narrate an incident when they helped someone in any way.
  • identify from their daily life, the ways in which people are interdependent.
  • Teacher will provide different situations to students in groups. They will be asked to share their ideas how they are dependent on others. (It could be a role play, an oral presentation or charts presentation).
 

 

 

 

 

4.2   GRADE – II

LEARNING THEMES AND STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES

THEMES

STUDENTS' LEARNING OUTCOMES

ACTIVITIES

 

Professions/ Occupations around Us

 

  • Common Professions/ Occupations
  • Professions/ Occupations they like

 

  • identify some professions from pictures (teaching, farming, medicine etc)

 

  • recognize the role of some common professions in their daily lives.

 

  • state which profession they like the most and why

 

  • State what they would like to be when they grow up (role play)

Respecting Others and Appreciating their Diversity (elders, religion, ethnic

groups, gender, social class)

 

  • Need to Respect all People
  • Ways to Respect all People
  • recognize that all human beings are equal and important.

 

  • identify that all human beings are similar, but differ by family, culture, ethnicity, religion and should all be respected.

 

  • recognize the need to respect all people as they are born equal and with dignity

 

  • identify ways in which they can show respect for all

 

  • identify occasions when it is important to wait for one's turn. For example, while speaking, in the school, on the bus stop, at canteen and ticketing counters etc.

 

  • understand that it is necessary to show respect for others’ needs, interests, opinions and feelings
  • To demonstrate the importance of taking turns the teacher will place the students’ notebooks on a table and ask the students to collect them. Teacher will monitor the behavior of the students and will remind them if necessary. It may be followed by a discussion on importance of taking turns.
 

       

 

 

4.2   GRADE – II

LEARNING THEMES AND STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES

THEMES

STUDENTS' LEARNING OUTCOMES

ACTIVITIES

 

Forgiveness and Forgiving others

 

  • Avoid hurting others
  • Ways to reduce the Hurt.
  • Forgiving Others.

 

  • recognize what they say and do, can hurt others, and what others do and say, can hurt them (telling lies, pushing others, bullying using derogatory words etc.)

 

  • narrate any incident of forgiveness from the life of Hazrat Muhammad

 

 

 

  • recognize that mistakes are a natural outcome of learning and nothing to be ashamed about or to make fun of

 

  • recognize that making fun of others can cause distress and hurt others.

 

 

  • identify ways in which we can redress the hurt caused to others (ask for forgiveness, say sorry, do something special for them etc.)

 

  • recognize that when people apologise for their mistake they should forgive them.

 

  • Share an incident from their personal lives when they forgave someone or requested someone for forgiveness

 

Being Just and Fair

 

  • Fairness and Unfairness

 

  • Promoting Fairness

 

  • identify fairness and unfairness in their daily lives.

 

  • identify ways of making unfair situations fair.

 

  • accept responsibility for treating others unfairly and man their behaviour accordingly.

 

  • Tell any moral

lesson-based story in the class and discuss the lesson learnt. (group activity)