SNC-Science-Grade 5

GRADE V

LEARNING CONTENTS AND THE STUDENT’S LEARNING OUTCOMES

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 1 Classification of living things

 

1. Five Kingdom systems (Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plants, Animals)

All the students should be able to:

  • Describe  classification of living organisms and its importance.

 

Classification   of Living things: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=oMF qEp4Sf40

2. Classification and Characteristics of Plants

  • Classify the plants into two major  groups (dicots and monocots) and give examples of each group.
  • Compile a scrap book with a collection of 5 dried and preserved flowering and 5 non flowering plants.

 

3. Classification and characteristics of Flowering Plants (monocot and dicot)

  • Compare and contrast the structure of a dicot and a monocot plant (with respect to their seeds, leaves and flowers).

 

 

  1. Classification and Characteristics of Animals (vertebrates and invertebrates)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Biodiversity (Deforestation & Hunting)
  • Differentiate between vertebrates and invertebrates based on their characteristics.
  • Classify vertebrates into, fish,   amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals  on  the  basis of their characteristics.
  • Classify invertebrates into five groups (sponges, worms, insects, snails, and starfish) on the basis of their characteristics.
  • Analyse some of the factors caused by Human which are affecting   Biodiversity
  • Suggest and write some measures for conservation of endangered species.
  • Compile an album of vertebrates and invertebrate and write information about their characteristics.
  • Explore biodiversity and factors causing loss of biodiversity in your locality.
  • Identify factors responsible for extinction of endangering of species
  • Give examples of extinct or endangered species? Which category of living organisms are the most at risk?

Vertebrate animals: Mammals, fish, birds, amphibians and reptiles: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=HQ diSMUZEDA

Note: In case of student with disabilities, activities will be adapted according to the requirements of the child.

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 2 Microorganisms

 

1. Viruses, Bacteria and Fungi

All the students should be able to:

 

  • Define and describe microorganisms.
  • Identify the  main groups of microorganisms and give examples for each.

 

Microorganism: Definition, Types & Classification: https://study.com/a cademy/lesson/micr oorganism-definitio n-types-classificatio n.html

2. Role of microorganisms as decomposers

  • Highlight the role of microorganisms in decomposition and discuss its harmful and beneficial effects.

 

 

3. Advantages and disadvantages of microorganisms

  • Recognize some common diseases of each group caused by microorganisms.
  • Recognize that microorganisms get transmitted into humans and spread infectious diseases.
  • Discuss and deduce advantages and disadvantages (any 3) of microorganisms    by using some daily life examples.
  • Suggest preventive measures to protect themselves from these infections

 

 

 

 

 

  • Discuss what food students typically have at home and the importance of ‘good’ microorganisms in producing these foods (yoghurt, cheese, bread etc.).
  • Plan and prepare yogurt or other biotechnological products.
  • Brainstorm several common diseases with students. Which of these are caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi how can we keep ourselves safe?

How  do  germs spread (and why do they make us sick): https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=yxo nJTWhBJQ

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 3

Flowers and seeds

 

1. Structure of a flower

  • Examine and Describe the structure of a flower
  • Dissect the flower and observe various parts of a flower

Microorganism: Definition, Types & Classification: https://study.com/a cademy/lesson/micr oorganism-definitio n-types-classificatio n.html

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

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2. Pollination and its types

  • Define pollination and describe its types with examples.

 

Pollination: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=CUP zbTuJlgc

3. Types of reproduction in plants

  • Define reproduction and differentiate between sexual and asexual reproduction in plants.

 

 

4. Structure and germination of seed (monocot/dicot)

  • Describe the structure of a seed and demonstrate its germination.
  • Compare and contrast the structure and function of a chick pea and Maize seed.
  • Design an experiment to monitor the changes  that occur in the seed during its germination. Also suggest reasons for the changes as well as the factors imperative for germination.
  • Compile a scrap book of the leaves of dicot and monocot plants. Also  describe other characteristics that make it different   from each other.

What is  Germination of Seed: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=ro8 Z9qIlWjM

5. Conditions necessary for seed germination

  • Illustrate the conditions necessary for seed germination.

 

 

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 4 Environmental pollution

 

1. Pollution and its types

  • Define pollution and its types.
  • Plan and conduct a campaign to bring awareness to a problem of environmental pollution in your surroundings.

Water pollution: How Water Gets Dirty:

https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=Om 42Lppkd9w

2. Causes of pollution

  • Explain the main causes of water, air and land pollution.
  • Plan and conduct a campaign in your school or neighbourhood regarding our responsibility to save our immediate environment

 

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

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3. Effects of Pollution on life (Smoke, smog, Sewage Water, Solid Wastes, Industrial Wastes)

  • Explain the effects of water, air and land pollution (unclean/toxic water, smoke, smog, excess CO2/other gases, open garbage dumps, industrial waste etc.) on the   environment   and life.
  • Design a model to explain the greenhouse effect.

 

4. Preventive measures to reduce Pollution

  • Explain the effects of burning fossil fuels and releasing greenhouse gases in the air.

 

 

5. Biodegradable and non- biodegradable materials

  • Differentiate between biodegradable and non-biodegradable materials.
  • Explain the impact of non-biodegradable materials on the environment.
  • Investigate possibilities and suggest ways to reduce

non-biodegradable materials.

  • Students to bring biodegradable and

non-biodegradabl e material and discuss what makes them different.

Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=aTfl LRf7WS4&app=deskt op

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 5

 

Physical and chemical changes of matter

 

1. Physical changes observed in everyday life

  • Identify observable changes in  materials that do not result in new materials with different properties (e.g., dissolving, crushing aluminium can).
  • Recognize that matter can be changed from one state to another by heating or cooling (candle wax).
  • Describe and demonstrate the states of water (i.e., melting, freezing, boiling, evaporation, and condensation).
  • Demonstrate chemical change by burning a paper.
  • Demonstrate physical change by melting a candle.
  • Ask students to observe various objects on the school premises that display signs of wear and tear. Discuss whether these changes are chemical or physical what caused these changes.

Changing States of Matter: https://study.com/a cademy/lesson/cha nging-states-of-mat ter-lesson-for-kids.h tml

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

 

  • Identify ways of accelerating the process of  dissolving  materials in given  amount  of water and provide reasoning (i.e., increasing the temperature,  stirring, and breaking the solid into smaller pieces increases the process of dissolving).
  • Distinguish between strong and weak concentrations of simple solutions.

 

Concentration of Solutions: https://study.com/a cademy/lesson/conc entration-of-solutio ns-definition-levels. html

2. Chemical changes observed in everyday life

  • Identify observable changes in materials that make new materials with different properties (e.g., decaying, burning, rusting).
  • Differentiate between physical and chemical changes with examples.
  • Take baking soda and vinegar in separate bowls. Then combine the two together in a large bowl. (Be sure  students stand away from the bowl). Explain that when baking soda and vinegar are   combined, they go through a chemical change. Bubbles form because a gas is released, which  is a byproduct of the chemical change. Ask students to draw the process.

Rusting of Iron: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=qd2 B9yCKzc0

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 6

Light and sound

 

A. Light

 

1. Sources of light

  • Identify natural and artificial sources of light.
  • Justify  that  light emerges from a source and travels in a straight line.

 

 

2. Luminous and non-Luminous objects

  • Investigate luminous and non-luminous objects in daily life.

 

 

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

3. Transparent, opaque and translucent objects

  • Identify  and differentiate between transparent, opaque and translucent objects in their surroundings.
  • Perform the following  activity to investigate the difference between transparent, opaque and translucent object:
  • Look around your house for one object made  out of wood (opaque), clear glass, (transparent), and frosted glass (translucent). Shine a flashlight beam through each item and observe what happens to the light. Draw a diagram of what you observe.
  • Once you understand the difference between opaque, transparent, and translucent go  on a scavenger hunt of your house! You can take your flashlight with you and test the items as you find them.
  • Compile a list of your findings.

 

4. Light travels in straight lines

  • Investigate that light travels in a straight line.

 

How Does Light Travel: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=fm_

_GAlrBuQ

5. Formation of shadows

  • Explain the formation of shadows.
  • Predict the location, size and shape of a shadow from a light source relative to  the  position of objects.

 

Shadow: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=lOI GOT88Aqc

 

Formation  of Shadow: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=Dav nmxgVwaw

 

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

6.  Reflection of light.

  • Demonstrate that shiny surfaces reflect light better than dull surfaces.

 

 

B. Sound

 

1. Production of sound

  • Describe and demonstrate how sound is produced by a vibrating body.

 

 

2. Propagation of sound

  • Identify variety of materials through which sound can travel.

 

How Does Sound Travel: https://study.com/a cademy/lesson/how

-does-sound-travel-l esson-for-kids.html

3. Intensity of sound (high, low)

  • Identify that speed of sound differs in solids, liquids and gaseous medium.
  • Define and describe the intensity of sound with examples.

 

 

4. Noise and its effects on human health.

  • Define noise and its harmful effects on human health.
  • Ask students to maintain a journal by identifying sources of noise pollution in their daily lives. Discuss the various sources? How can we reduce noises?

 

5. Controlling noise pollution

  • Appreciate the role of human beings in reducing noise pollution.
  • Design symbols and signs for controlling noise pollution around your school.

 

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 7

 

Electricity and Magnetism

 

1.  Static electricity

  • Explain the phenomenon of static electricity in everyday life.
  • Use a dry comb and  small  pieces of paper to demonstrate static electricity.

Static Electricity: https://study.com/a cademy/lesson/stati c-electricity-lesson-f or-kids-definition-fa cts.html

2. Charges and their properties

  • Describe charges and their properties.

 

 

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

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3. Conductors and insulators

  • Differentiate between conductors and insulators from daily life.
  • Investigate insulators and conductors from daily life.

 

4.  Electric current

  • Describe the flow of electric current in an electric circuit.

 

 

  1. Electrical circuits and its components

 

  1. Fuse and its uses
  • Describe and design an electric circuit and explain its components.
  • Design an electrical circuit and observe the working of its components.

Electrical Circuits: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=js7 Q-r7G9ug

7. Magnet and magnetism

  • Recognize that magnets can be used to attract some metallic objects
  • Describe and demonstrate that magnets have two poles and that like poles repel and opposite poles attract.
  • Make a list of magnetic and non-magnetic materials from everyday life.
  • Plan, design and make a model/ toy based on magnetism.

 

8. Properties of magnets

  • Identify earth as a huge magnet and demonstrate it with an experiment.
  • Design an experiment by using  two magnets to investigate that each magnet has north and south poles and same poles attract while opposite poles repel each other.

 

9.  Types of magnets

  • Describe the working of magnetic compass.
  • Explain different  types of magnets (permanent, temporary magnet and electro-magnet).
  • Make an electromagnet.
  • Design an electromagnet with the help of a cell, iron nail and wire and show its working.

How Compass works: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=Mq CiY7MAT2U

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 8 Structure of Earth

A. Earth

 

1. Structure of Earth

  • Describe  the  structure of the Earth (i.e., crust, mantle, and core) and the physical characteristics of these distinct parts.
  • Describe the sources of water on Earth.
  • Design a model to elaborate the structure of the Earth.

Structure  of  The Earth: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=eXi VGEEPQ6c

B. Soil

 

1. Types of soil

  • Identify similarities and differences among the different types of soil.
  • Investigate types of soil.
  • Investigate and compare absorption of water by different soils.

 

2. Composition and characteristics of Soil

  • Investigate the composition and characteristics of different soils.
  • Make  a  clay model  of  the layers of earth, its characteristics and reasons  for different layers of soil.

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 9

 

Space and Satellites

 

1. Space

  • Define the term space and emphasize the need to explore it
  • Recognize the role of NASA (National Aeronautic and Space Administration) in space exploration.

 

Space: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=n4 mr7rcAxmM

NASA Facts: https://study.com/a cademy/lesson/nas a-facts-lesson-for-ki ds.html

2.   Satellites

  • Define the term satellite and describe its importance.
  • Make a satellite model with a cardboard. Guide the students through the following website link:

 

https://www.youtu be.com/watch?v=S

_rEKUruxqQ

 

3. Natural and artificial satellites

  • Describe the natural satellites of the planets of the solar system.

 

 

 

Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

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  • Define  artificial satellites and explain their importance in exploring the Earth and space.
  • Recognize the key milestones in space technology.

 

 

4. Types of artificial satellites and their uses

  • Describe the uses of various satellites in space i.e. geostationary, weather, communication and global positioning system (GPS).

 

Different Kinds of Artificial Satellites: https://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=aVQ Xkl1tzok

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Contents

Students' Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Suggested links

Chapter 10

 

Technology in everyday life

 

1. Technical model making

  • Enlist and practice safety procedures while carrying out the activities
  • Make a model of foot bridge and bookshelf
  • Use spirit level/water level to compare the level of different objects (table, picture, frame etc.)
  • Use a plumb line to install a flag pole vertically.
  • Take help from different YouTube videos to see how to make foot bridge and book shelves and other things mentioned

 

2. Making technical devices

  • Prepare LED light strings working with 12volt battery
  • Make a musical instrument from easily available resources.
  • Make moveable van, bus and trolly.

 

 

3. First aid and disaster management

  • Use first aid box to dress a wound.
  • Practice Shifting a person to hospital
  • Practice earth quake, fire and flood drill.